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POPULAR PRESS ARTICLES

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Opinion: Can the diaries of ordinary people be used to bridge cultural divides?

Words that carry weight: In a University of Maryland study, Pakistanis and Americans who read diaries from the others’ culture often came away with a more positive and tolerant perspective.

October 25, 2019

Los Angeles Times

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Revenge is bittersweet at best

Research is starting to reveal how the urge for vengeance may have evolved, when it can be useful and what could prevent the violence it can provoke

October 16, 2019

Knowable Magazine

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Could climate change fuel the rise of right-wing nationalism?

When people feel threatened, they’re more receptive to politicians who espouse xenophobic rhetoric.

September 25, 2019

The Conversation

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Opinion: The science behind how Trump turns our unfounded fears into a potent political weapon

Extremely rare but vivid threats often loom large in the human mind.

September 16, 2019

Los Angeles Times

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Understanding Cultural Differences Around Social Norms

Dr. Gelfand answers reader questions in Behavioral Scientist's "Ask a Behavioral Scientist" series

September 9, 2019

Behavioral Scientist

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This is how Tesla can improve its company culture

This psychology professor and her research team argues that it’s not about remaking the company, but introducing structure without compromising on Tesla’s commitment to innovate.

June 10, 2019

Fast Company

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Who was behind Sri Lanka's Easter Terrorist Attacks?

While the Islamic State has claimed responsibility, the real story is a bit more complicated than that.

May 12, 2019

National Interest

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Women Don't Just Face a Pay Gap at Work. They're Also Punished Far More Than Men

On Equal Pay Day, we rightly focus on how a woman would have to work over three months more in order to make what her male counterpart did last year for the same full time work — a gender pay gap that amounts to about $900 billion in annual lost earnings for women holding full-time jobs. But inequities in the workplace go far beyond wage disparity.

April 2, 2019

TIME

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Culture as the menacing force behind today’s crazy politics

A book excerpt and interview with Michele Gelfand, an author and psychologist at the University of Maryland

January 28, 2019

The Economist

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Tight or Loose: How Culture Impacts Everything, Even Your Job

According to a new book by cultural psychologist Michele Gelfand, “Rule Makers, Rule Breakers: How Tight and Loose Cultures Wire Our World,” much of the diversity in the way we think and act derives from a key difference—how tightly or loosely we adhere to social norms. Looking a countries, states, cities, workplaces and even families, Gelfand shows how tight and loose cultures shape our entire lives, and play a big role in the decisions we make around where we live, what company we work for and how we approach others.

January 28, 2019

Glassdoor

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Tight and Loose Cultures: A Conversation with Michele Gelfand

Michele Gelfand is Professor of Psychology at the University of Maryland and author of an eye-opening new book on the role that culture—and specifically how strictly different cultures enforce norms—plays in our lives.

January 17, 2019

Behavioral Scientist

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A Big-Picture Look at Social Rules

Research on how people make and break rules can help us understand each other.

December 27, 2018

Psychology Today

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Radicalism and Cultural Homelessness

Events like the 2015 Paris attacks, the 2015 San Bernardino shootings, the 2016 Orlando Pulse Nightclub shooting, the 2013 Boston Marathon bombing, and others since are seared into our memories. While many details of these attacks were different, they do have a striking commonality: these attacks were perpetrated by immigrant residents or citizens of the targeted country. Such tragedies raise a puzzling question: what would make someone turn against their own country?

December 17, 2018

Minerva Research Initiative

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This Book List Will Almost Earn You A Ph.D. In Leadership

Some books stick with you, long after you’ve closed the cover.

December 13, 2018

Forbes

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An upper-class mindset doesn’t make you classy

In a study of traffic patterns, researchers at the University of California found that drivers of luxury cars were far more likely to cut off other cars than were lower status cars.

November 27, 2018

Boston Globe

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Not Getting Along with Your Spouse, or a Coworker? Here’s Why

“There is a deeper cultural code driving our behavior which reflects the strength of our social norms.”

November 8, 2018

Next Big Idea Club

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Why Men Sexually Harass Women

Men vastly outnumber women among sexual harassers. The reason has more to do with culture than with intrinsic maleness.

October 5, 2018

Atlantic

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Threat, fear, and the evolutionary appeal of autocrats

These days, it seems like the best path to political success is to become an autocrat.

October 4, 2018

The Hill

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One Reason Mergers Fail: The Two Cultures Aren’t Compatible

Amazon’s 2017 acquisition of Whole Foods was met with a lot of fanfare. In the words of Whole Foods CEO John Mackey, the partnership was “love at first sight.” A year later, such optimism seems hard to find at Whole Foods.

October 2, 2018

Harvard Business Review

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Here’s the science behind the Brexit vote and Trump’s rise

My research shows that when people feel threatened they want ‘tighter’ social norms, with profound consequences for politics

September 17, 2018

The Guardian

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Is Your Culture ‘Tight’ or ‘Loose’? The Answer Could Explain Everything

September 14, 2018

The New York Times

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The answer to this single question will help you understand a company’s entire culture

Is your organization “tight” or “loose”?

September 14, 2018

Linkedin

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A Powerful Force That Shapes All of our Decisions

Psychologist Michele Gelfand’s grand unified theory of cultural “tightness”

September 11, 2018

Scientific American

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Is Your Organization Tight or Loose? How to Tell—and Ways to Fix It

We spend many of our waking hours in organizations, but we rarely think about the underlying cultural DNA that is guiding our behavior at work.

September 11, 2018

Fortune

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After 9/11, Americans United to Protect the Country. Today, We're Divided By Threats That Don't Exist

Seventeen years ago today, 9/11 brought America together. We also tightened the rules of our country dramatically.

September 11, 2018

TIME

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A psychologist helps us understand why life is so different around the world

Is your culture tight or loose?

August 21, 2018

The Verge

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A surprising reason for the rise of ISIS

ISIS filled a vital cultural need. Its leaders promised, and delivered, badly needed social order in areas reeling from disintegration.

July 26, 2018

CNN

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States are not divided by red or blue — a deeper difference came way before politics

The red state-blue state dividing line between U.S. states ignores a much deeper history and psychology that each state possesses.

July 11, 2018

CNBC

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Under siege: The tight-loose paradigm

Whenever a society, or individual, feels threatened, it tends to tighten up on rules.

July 9, 2018

Financial Times

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Culture clashes loom after a rush of company mergers

M&A deals between groups with different corporate norms can be bad news for investors

July 8, 2018

Financial Times

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Culture clash: Why are some societies strict and others lax?

Nations differ vastly in how much store they set by rules. Understanding why can help foster communication, cooperation and even change for the better

April 4, 2018

New Scientist

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Why Sanctions Fail

Available research on economic sanctions attests to their limited effectiveness at best.

August 14, 2017

Huffington Post

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Why Are Some States "Tighter" Than Others?

When people feel threatened, they make rules and enforce the rules.

May 18, 2017

Psychology Today

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Why United’s culture needs to loosen up to avoid more PR fiascos

Is there something wrong with the culture at United Airlines?

May 11, 2017

The Conversation

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The cultural division that explains global political shocks from Brexit to Le Pen

Explaining faultlines in Europe

May 1, 2017

The Conversation

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The Social Scientific Case Against a Muslim Ban

There were many reasons to oppose President Trump’s travel ban on refugees and visitors from seven predominantly Muslim countries, which is now blocked by a federal court’s temporary restraining order.

February 18, 2017

The New York Times

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Trump Won by Following This Psychological Formula

The strongest Trump supporters were those who felt that America was under grave threat.

November 10, 2016

Huffington Post

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Female Scholars Suggest Questions for Final Presidential Debate

The final debate of the 2016 presidential election campaign is Oct. 19. Four scholars suggest questions they’d like to hear addressed by the candidates.

October 19, 2016

U.S. News

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Trump Claim That Muslims Don't Assimilate Is 'False,' PolitiFact Finds

The following report is from PolitiFact, which has partnered with NBC News to fact-check candidates during the 2016 political season.

June 18, 2016

NBC News

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Trump Culture: Threat, Fear and the Tightening of the American Mind

For the past 10 months, Donald Trump has been a political enigma...What is “Trump culture,” and where is it coming from?

April 27, 2016

Scientific American

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Want to stop Islamic terrorism? Be nicer to Muslims.

A warmer embrace could stop homegrown terrorism.

November 24, 2015

The Washington Post

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Tightness and Looseness: A New Way to Understand Differences across the 50 United States

Tight or loose? The states vary.

July 2, 2014

Scientific American

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'Bad negotiators': Experts say Congress is getting it wrong in fiscal talks

People negotiate over everything. Where to go on vacation, how much to pay for a new car, how to merge international companies, and – as the American people have learned in recent weeks – how to fund the government and pay the debts of the most powerful nation on the planet.

October 15, 2013

NBC News

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How Avoiding Negotiation Hurts Women

September 26, 2007

ABC News

More Articles

May 27, 2014

Why political scientists think Oregon is a really 'loose' state

The Oregonian 

Anyone who lives in Oregon knows it one of those place where you can do your own thing, right?

May 23, 2014

How “tightness” vs “looseness” explains the U.S. political map

Washington Post

We are forever in search of ways to better understand the cultural differences in our country that lead us to such divergent politics.

May 20, 2014

Beyond Red vs Blue: Study of States Finds 'Tight' vs 'Loose'

UMD Right Now

Most people in the United States probably would agree that priorities and values can vary greatly from region to region and even state to state.

December 16, 2013

Why Some Communities Police Themselves, While Others Don't

CityLab

Familiarity and social ties influence our decision to intervene on behalf of others. 

December 13, 2013

In de buurtsuper verraad je een winkeldief eerder

Kennislink

Speltheorie is nu ook doorgebroken in de psychologie. Een psycholoog van de universiteit van Maryland heeft in samenwerking met informatici een computermodel ontwikkeld, dat laat zien hoe mensen reageren wanneer ze een winkeldief betrappen: geven ze hem aan of lopen ze door?

October 15, 2013

'Bad negotiators': Experts say Congress is getting it wrong in fiscal talks

NBC Politics

Bargaining is so ubiquitous that there’s an entire research community devoted to understanding how people negotiate and what methods are most likely to lead to an optimal solution.

October 2, 2013

Societies with rigid cultural values produce more terrorists

Homeland Security News Wire

Examining more than 80,000 terrorist attacks which occurred between 1970 and 2007, researchers find that cultural values and norms which promote rigid thinking are related to a greater number of terrorist attacks or fatalities. 

May 29, 2011

Nations: Loose or tight?

Boston Globe

Research suggests that our essential differences are not economic, political, or religious. They are historical, rooted in a people’s vulnerability to war, disease, and other threats in the deep past. It’s a powerful insight, with implications for us all.

May 29, 2011

香港社会宽容度排名亚洲第二 仅次以色列

Chinanews.com

May 28, 2011

India is world's 3rd most repressive society: Report

India Today

The world's largest democracy, paradoxically also has one of the highest intolerance indices.

May 27, 2011

Threats Drive Cultural Norms

Scientific American

A study of people from 33 nations led researchers to conclude that a given people's history of threats leads to cultural norms.

May 27, 2011

Konformistábbak a fenyegetett társadalmak tagjai

hvg.hu

Minél biztonságosabb egy társadalom, annál liberálisabbak és toleránsabbak az emberek - állapította meg egy új kutatás.

May 27, 2011

Israel: a looser country than the UK

The Jewish Chronicle

Israel is home to one of the four "loosest" cultures in the world, a new study has found.

May 27, 2011

Study ranks India next only to Pakistan, Malaysia in rigidness

Live Mint

A study published in this week’s edition of Science journal says cultures with a history of war, famine and ecological distress are “tight”, or less tolerant of infraction.

May 26, 2011

Kriege und Nöte prägen kulturelle Unterschiede

Der Standard

Forscher untersuchen in einer multikulturellen Studie, warum Gesellschaften liberaler oder restriktiver wurden 

May 26, 2011

World-Wide Assessment Determines Differences in Cultures

National Science Foundation

Ukraine, Israel, Brazil and the United States are "loose" cultures

May 26, 2011

People in threatened societies are more conformist

New Scientist

Societies facing a host of dangers are more likely to have strict social norms and be intolerant of people who deviate from them.

May 26, 2011

UMD-led researchers assess pivotal cultural differences among countries and why these exist

Eureka Alert

The researcher's findings reveal wide variation in the degree to which various societies impose social norms, enforce conformity and punish anti-social behavior. 

May 26, 2011

Bedrohte Gesellschaften setzen auf Regeln

Science.orf.at

Je mehr eine Nation mit Gefahren wie etwa Kriegen, Krankheiten, Naturkatastrophen, einer zu hohen Bevölkerungsdichte oder Ressourcenknappheit zu kämpfen hat - oder in der Vergangenheit hatte -, desto eher prägen Forschern zufolge strengere Regeln sowie soziale Normen das Miteinander.

May 26, 2011

Warum Normen für manche Länder so wichtig sind

Bild Der Wissenschaft 

Einen Riss, der die gesamte Welt durchzieht ? so nennt Michele Gelfand, Sozialpsychologin an der University of Maryland, die zum Teil beträchtlichen kulturellen Unterschiede zwischen Ländern mit strengen gesellschaftlichen Normen und solchen, in denen kaum Wert auf Normen gelegt wird.

May 26, 2011

„Österreich ist ein Land der sozialen Normen"

Die Presse

Internationale Studie mit österreichischer Beteiligung hat „strikte" und „lockere" Kulturen miteinander verglichen. Sie bezog sich auf die Normen der Gesellschaft, die Identifikation ihrer Mitglieder mit ihr.

May 26, 2011

Pesquisa lista Brasil entre países mais liberais

Estadão

O país mais restrito do mundo parece ser o Paquistão, e o mais liberal no continente americano seria o Brasil, seguido da Venezuela. O México é um pouco mais restrito que liberal. Essas são algumas das conclusões de um estudo realizado com quase 7 mil pessoas em 33 países para determinar o nível de rigidez ou flexibilidade nas suas sociedades.

May 25, 2011

Estudo: SP está entre as cidades com mais tolerância social

Terra