Threat Dictionary

Dictionary         Virginia Choi, Snehesh Shrestha, Xinyue Pan, & Michele Gelfand
Threat Meter    Dylan Pieper

This dictionary was designed to diagnose threatening language in any text that interests you. Details regarding the development and validation of the dictionary can be found in our PNAS paper.

The dictionary is free to use and is currently available in English. 

We ask that when discussing the dictionary in your own work that you cite our publication. Please don’t hesitate to contact us with any questions.

Threat Meter


Threat Dictionary



If you have questions about downloading or using the threat dictionary, please email the Culture Lab

240 words